Cambodian Chicken Red Curry, known as Somlar Kari Saek Mouan or sometimes Khmer Red Curry, is a rich, flavorful curry made with coconut milk, chicken, eggplant, green beans, potatoes, sweet potatoes, and a wonderful red curry paste called kroeung. It’s similar to Thai red curry, but not as spicy.
Cambodian Chicken Red Curry
When our girls were 4 and 1 1/2, we took them to Thailand and Cambodia for a couple of weeks. It was the first time we had ever traveled with them out of the country and they did amazing. It was an epic, unforgettable trip where we explored crumbling temple ruins only partly reclaimed from jungles, fed, bathed, and rode elephants through the mountains of Thailand, and island hopped on a longtail boat in the Andaman Sea.
We will never forget those experiences and adventures with our girls while they were so young and hope to take them back again someday.
One of the foods we enjoyed while we were in Cambodia was this amazing chicken red curry that we ate for lunch after spending a morning exploring the haunting and beautiful Angkor Wat.
Cambodian food isn’t nearly as well known as Thai food. It seems like there are Thai restaurants all over the place, but I don’t know that I have ever seen a Cambodian restaurant. So I was excited when I was challenged to recreate a traditional Cambodian dish as part of this month’s Eat the World Challenge hosted by Culture Eatz.
I researched like crazy to try and figure out just how to make an authentic Khmer red curry at home and still be able to share a recipe with you that wouldn’t be out of reach for the average American home cook. Fortunately, I had some experience with some of the unusual ingredients thanks to a couple of cooking classes I took while in Thailand.
Similar to Thai cooking, Cambodian cuisine typically has a balance of salty, sour, sweet and bitter flavors in every meal.
Cambodia and Thailand have a complicated history with borders being fought over for centuries. Because of that, their cuisines bear a lot of similarities, with strong Chinese and Vietnamese influences as well given their proximity to southern China and Vietnam, as well as French influences because of their presence in much of Southeast Asia in the 1800’s.
The biggest difference that I notice, though, is that Cambodian dishes tend to be far less spicy than their Thai counterparts. Which made it a wonderful introduction for our girls, who loved the rich, flavorful curries and noodles and rice dishes that weren’t too spicy at all.
Traditionally, Cambodian chicken red curry is served with French bread, but you can also serve it with noodles or rice, like we did here. It’s a thin curry, closer to a soup than anything else, although it’s loaded with meat, potatoes, and veggies that area chopped into large bites and cooked in the savory broth. The French bread is used for sopping up juices.
Ingredients in Cambodian Chicken Red Curry
I know that this list might seem overwhelming, especially since some of the ingredients are foreign to most American home cooks. But most of them are readily available at your local grocery store, so please don’t be too intimidated!
Here are the easy ones that you shouldn’t have much difficulty finding on your local store’s shelves or in the produce department.
- lemongrass (these long and skinny stalks are always available in the produce section)
- ginger root
- kosher salt
- Thai red chili (also known as a bird’s eye chili pepper, they are really small red or green peppers, also in the produce section with all the other peppers)
- large dried red peppers (I find these in the Hispanic or Mexican section at the grocery store in big bags. Sometimes they are labeled as California Peppers where I am at.)
- boneless, skinless chicken thighs
- yellow onion
- eggplant (also known as aubergine – I used the narrow Chinese eggplant instead of the fat, chunky ones)
- russet potato
- sweet potato
- fish sauce (in the aisle with the Asian products, usually near the soy sauce)
- coconut milk (get the full fat kind)
This is a Thai red chili pepper, sometimes called a bird’s eye chili pepper, just in case you aren’t sure what to look for at the store.
Here are the more exotic ingredients that took more effort to track down.
- kaffir lime leaves (known for their citrus and pine scent, kaffir lime leaves are used in many, many Cambodian and Thai dishes. But even though it’s not a perfect substitute, you can use regular lime zest for the kaffir lime leaves, which are almost impossible to obtain unless you order them online. 1 1/2 teaspoons of lime zest is close enough to the flavor you would get from 1 kaffir lime leaf. Supposedly you can sometimes find kaffir lime leaves dried or frozen at Asian food stores, but I live pretty close to San Francisco and have access to quite a lot of Asian food stores and couldn’t find any anywhere. I honestly don’t notice a difference between the two, although kaffir lime leaves are very traditional for both Thai and Cambodian cooking.)
- galangal root (sometimes just called galanga, at least at my local Asian market. This was an easy find, although you could also order it online.)
- shrimp paste (another easy find, available at any Asian market or available online. Although to be honest, I did have to ask a store clerk to point me to the right aisle.)
- palm sugar (not overly sweet, a slightly less amount of brown sugar makes a decent substitute)
- yardlong beans (also known as snake beans or a bunch of other names, but could be substituted with French green beans without any noticeable difference)
- fresh turmeric root (fresh turmeric root was on the shelf in our produce aisle at Safeway so I used it, but you can easily sub ground turmeric instead. 1 teaspoon of dried turmeric is equal to 1 tablespoon of fresh turmeric, which is what you get from grating a 2-inch piece of turmeric root. Along with terribly stained yellow fingers if you don’t wear gloves. It took 2 days of scrubbing for the yellow to go away!)
It’s quite a list, I know, but you could order all of the difficult to find ingredients online and have them shipped to you if you want to be totally authentic, or use the readily available substitutions instead and still get a red curry that tastes incredible and you would probably hardly notice a difference between the two.
This is galangal root. It looks really similar to ginger. Just peel the outer skin and slice or grate the inside part just as you would with ginger.
Here is turmeric root. I fully planned to just use ground turmeric, but then happened to spot this at my regular grocery store so I went ahead and got it.
Shrimp paste has a really strong smell but it adds important flavor to this dish. I’m still trying to figure out what to do with the rest of the jar, but I’m sure I will find something.
Unlike Thai red curry paste, which you can buy in little jars at the grocery store for making Thai red curry, the only way to get Cambodian red curry paste, known as kroeung paste, is to make your own.
Which, I’ll admit, was intimidating at first until I realized all I needed to do was blend everything in my Vitamix. It actually was a breeze once I had located all of my ingredients.
Kroeung paste is used to flavor lots of Cambodian dishes, including everything from curries to soups to stir-fries. There doesn’t seem to be one set recipe for kroeung paste, with some Cambodians preferring more lemongrass or turmeric and less galangal, or any other number of adjustments like increasing the heat with more chili peppers.
But traditionally, the paste is made using a mortar and pestle to pound the finely sliced ingredients into a paste. I started out that route, to be honest, but gave up and just dumped everything in the blender instead.
I try to be authentic, but I was also making this on a day when we had swim lessons and swim team practice that afternoon so I was also trying to be practical.
How to Make Cambodian Chicken Red Curry
I largely based my Cambodian red curry recipe on the wonderful recipes shared by 196 Flavors and this traditional Cambodian red curry video and this curry paste video from Dany Kao who shares her traditional Cambodian recipes on YouTube.
First, make the kroeung curry paste.
Combine the kroeung paste ingredients in a blender, adding the 3/4 cup reserved water from soaking the dried red peppers as needed and blending until a smooth paste forms. It should be a deep red color. Store any leftover kroeung paste in the freezer until ready to use.
Next, make the curry.
In a large heavy bottomed dutch oven or pot, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the kroeung curry paste and stir for one minute.
Add the chicken and 1 cup of the coconut milk and stir to combine with the curry paste. Cook for 2 minutes to allow the flavors to develop.
Add the onion, beans, eggplant, and potatoes and stir to combine.
Add the remaining coconut milk and water, along with the fish sauce, shrimp paste, palm sugar, and salt. Increase the heat to medium-high just until the liquid comes to a boil, then decrease to medium-low and simmer for 20-25 minutes, until the chicken is cooked through and the vegetables are soft.
Serve with french bread, rice, or noodles.
More Asian Recipes You Might Enjoy
- Beef with Broccoli
- Easy Chicken & Vegetable Stir-Fry
- Honey Walnut Shrimp
- Bombay House Style Chicken Tikka Masala
- Grilled Thai Pork Tenderloin with Coconut Lime Peanut Sauce
- Asian Slaw with Ginger Peanut Dressing
- and of course Thai Coconut Mango Sticky Rice for dessert!
Red Kroeung Paste
- 2 lemongrass stalks, outer leaves discarded and tender insides roughly chopped
- 4 cloves garlic, minced
- 2 shallots, peeled and chopped
- 2 kaffir lime leaves, cut into thin strips (or the zest of two limes)
- 1 inch fresh ginger, peeled and chopped
- 1 tablespoon fresh turmeric, peeled and grated or finely minced (or 1 teaspoons of ground turmeric powder)
- 2 inches galangal, peeled and grated or finely minced
- 1/4 teaspoon Kosher salt
- 1 bird's eye chili
- 5 large dried red peppers, seeds and stems removed, rehydrated by soaking in hot water for 10 minutes (reserve 3/4 cup of the water!)
- 3 tablespoons vegetable oil
- 6-10 tablespoons red kroeung paste, to taste
- 8 bone-in chicken thighs, each cut into 2 pieces
- 1 can coconut milk
- 1 large onion, roughly chopped
- 5-8 yardlong beans, cut into 2-inch pieces
- 1 small eggplant (also known as aubergine), cut into 2-inch pieces
- 1 large white potato, peeled, then cut into 2-inch pieces
- 1 medium sweet potato, peeled, then cut into 2-inch pieces
- 2-3 tablespoons fish sauce
- 1 teaspoon shrimp paste
- 2 tablespoons palm sugar
- 1 teaspoon Kosher salt
- 3-4 cups water
- Combine the kroeung paste ingredients in a blender, adding the 3/4 cup reserved water from soaking the dried red peppers as needed and blending until a smooth paste forms. It should be a deep red color. Store any leftover kroeung paste in the freezer until ready to use.
- In a large heavy bottomed dutch oven or pot, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the kroeung curry paste and stir for one minute.
- Add the chicken and 1 cup of the coconut milk and stir to combine with the curry paste. Cook for 2 minutes to allow the flavors to develop.
- Add the onion, beans, eggplant, and potatoes and stir to combine.
- Add the remaining coconut milk and water, along with the fish sauce, shrimp paste, palm sugar, and salt. Increase the heat to medium-high just until the liquid comes to a boil, then decrease to medium-low and simmer for 20-25 minutes, until the chicken is cooked through and the vegetables are soft.
- Serve with french bread, rice, or noodles.
Nutrition Information:Yield: 8
Amount Per Serving: Calories: 373 Saturated Fat: 14g Cholesterol: 114mg Sodium: 879mg Carbohydrates: 23g Fiber: 4g Sugar: 6g Protein: 26g
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Check out all the wonderful Cambodian dishes prepared by fellow Eat the World members and share with #eattheworld.
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